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Ayodhya Tourism and ravel Guide

History of Ayodhya

The Hindus are seriously trying to regain control of the RAM ANMABHOOMI and construct a grand temple for sri RAM. How ram janmabhoomi evolved? How it went out of our hands? What were the attempts taken by Hindus to regainAyodhya possession of the janma bhoomi? Many such questions remain unanswered. The time has come for people to know the truth.

The city of ayodhya in uttar pradesh was home to a large number of Saiva and Vaishnava temples. Hanuman ghari is one of the most popular temples in ayodhya. Even today many monkeys roam there reminding us of hanuman. Half a mile from hanuman ghari is the most sacred spot in ayodhya: "the ram janmasthan". The temple that the people of ayodhya built for lord ram was later renovated and developed into a very big structure by raja vikramaditya.

The magnificent gopuram along with its seven kalashaas was so tall that it could be seen from over a large distance (like the thanjavur Shiva temple). The temple was spread over an area of 600 acres. The temple had a flower garden called "latha kunj". There was a beautiful well inside the garden premises.

In the beginning of the 11th century yogi shyamanand baba arrived at ayodhya and started staying in the temple. Due to his yogic powers the temple attained more glory than ever before. Attracted by his yogic powers, many became his disciples. One day a Muslim fakir by name "kaajal abbas moosa ashiq khan shah" begged the baba to accept him as a disciple. The baba was magnanimous and immediately accepted him as a disciple. In due course kaajal abbas khan attained many yogic powers.

Hearing that a Muslim had obtained yogic powers by becoming shyamanand baba's disciple another Muslim by name jalaal shah approached the baba. Jalaal shah had evil intentions. He wanted to use yogic powers to spread Islam and establish it in every corner of India. He came to know of the importance and power of the ram janma sthan from the baba. He came to know that by mere chanting of mantras in the janma bhoomi one could attain super human powers. So he desired to build a masjid in the same spot so as to enable his Muslim brothers to attain power and glory.

Jalaal started burying the dead bodies of Muslims in the vicinity of the janma sthan. Many mosques and tombs started sprouting near the birthplace of Ram. The innocent sadhus and harmless Hindus did not understand jalaal Ayodhyashah's evil intentions. By then jalaal shah became very popular due to the magical powers that he had gained from the baba.

It was 1526. Despite winning the first battle of panipat baabar continued to face resistances in many parts of the country. In 1528 baabar was defeated in a battle against Rana Sangraam Singh in fatehpur sikhri.

Humiliated by the defeated, baabar ran away from the battlefield and sought shelter in Ayodhya. He came to know of the yogis who were living in ayodhya. The Muslim fakirs told him of shyaamanand baba. Through them he met the baba. He requested the baba to bless him, so that he could defeat Sangraam Singh. The baba blessed him. With the help of 60 lakh troops, Baabar defeated Sangraam Singh.

He immediately met the Muslim fakirs who had helped him to meet shyaamanand baba and asked them " in what way he could show his gratitude." Jalaal shah came into the scene. He told baabar "there... can you see the temple of ram. Pull that temple down and in that sacred spot build us a mosque. There could be no better place on earth to offer five times namaaz to Allah".

Baabar hesitated. He told them "I shall build you a grand mosque near the temple. Why pull down the temple?" To this jalaal shah replied, "You don't know the power of that site. If possible build us mosque on that very spot. If this is not possible I have nothing more to ask you."

Babaar thought, "what if the baba feels offended? Well I wont do this job myself". So he gave the responsibility of pulling down the temple to his general MIR BAAKIR THASHKENT. Baabar went back to his capital.

Muslim soldiers were sent to carry out the general's order. The temple was reduced to rubble. When shyamaanand baba came to know of this betrayal he lost no time in escaping to uttarakhand with ram laala's moola vigraha (main idol) safe in his custody.

After entirely destroying the temple complex, the Muslim soldiers came to destroy the garbha graha (place where the lord resides).

The priest of the temple showed his chest and declared "I will fight till the last drop of my blood. None of you shallAyodhya enter the temple while I am still alive". Many other priests joined him and put up a brave resistance.

Jalaal shah was thirsting for kafir blood and ordered his troops to slay all the priests. The Muslim army marched over the corpses of the pujaris and reduced the portion around the garbha graha to dust.

Many devotees came to know of the demolition. They too sacrificed their lives to save the temple. In last desperate effort raja mehthaabh Singh of bhithi (bhithi is in faizabad district) sent message to all neighboring Hindu kingdoms. Within a single night, troops were mobilized.

At dawn, the next day "Hindu forces arrived and surrounded the temple". The battle for the temple raged for another 15 days. Unfortunately the Hindu forces scattered in front of baabar's cannons.

Two lakh people died in the attempt to save the beloved temple of their ram lala. In the battle led by the bhithi maharaja alone "174000 Hindus sacrificed their lives". Raja mehthaabh singh of bhithi, raja ran Vijay singh of hatishwaar state and raja sangraam singh of Magraahi state were among the martyrs.

Even after the mosque was built on the site, Hindus did not accept defeat and struggled continuously to regain the land. Baabar was amazed at this determination and gave a small portion of the ram janma sthaan to Hindus for conducting poojaas. Hindus were not satisfied. They wanted to get back the entire janma sthaan.

Baabar got irritated. He immediately announced through his ayodhya governor: "here after no Hindu from outside Ayodhyaayodhya will be allowed to visit ram janma sthaan. Violation of this rule will lead to imprisonment." Mention of such an order by a baabar can be seen in the "July 6th 1934 edition of the MODERN REVIEW." It also mentions that the mosque was constructed out of the same material used for the temple.

How to Reach Ayodhya?

By Air: For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Amausi Bharatpur Varanasi

By Rail: Ayodhya is situated on the gauge Northern Railway line on Mughal Sarai-Lucknow main route.

By Road: Connected by road to several major cities and towns, some of the major road Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Allahabad, Sravasti, Varanasi, Gonda.

Monuments of Ayodhya

Ramkot Citadel,
The ancient city of Ayodhya earns its claim to fame for being the birthplace of Rama. Located on the banks of River Saryu it is said to be founded by Manu. An ancient document records this as a city built by the Gods and enjoys the same standard of prosperity as in paradise. Interestingly the city is regarded as an important center for Jains too as five of the Thirthankaras were born in this holy city. Some of the important tourist destinations here are The Hanuman Garhi, Kanak Bhawan, Ramkot Citadel, Swarg Dwar, Mani Parvat and Surgiv Parvat, Nageshwarnath Temple, etc. Monuments in Ayodhya are well maintained and makes for good tourist destinations.

Situated in the western part of Ayodhya Ramkot Citadel is one of the most frequented monuments here. This ancient citadel is positioned on a raised platform. Supposedly the fort of Lord Rama once existed on this site. Devotees flockAyodhya this place at all points of the year. However during Ramnavami the place is seen at its colorful best with pilgrims from all parts of India thronging this spot and offering their prayers. The whole area is surrounded by other temples and maths. It is believed that Hunuman use to guard this citadel from a secret cave

Sumantanath,
Said to be the stronghold of the Suryavansh dynasty the ancient city of Ayodhya lies on the banks of River Saryu in Uttar Pradesh. It earns much of its claim to fame for being the birthplace of Lord Rama. References of it can be found even in the Vedas and early texts of Buddhism. Five of the twenty four tirthankaras were born here. Therefore the city also bears special significance for Jains. Narrow lanes, sprawling temples and roadside shops selling knick knacks characterize the whole city. The place was repeatedly sacked during the reign of Mahmud of Ghazni and many a temples were destroyed. Sumantanath, Ayodhya is one of the most important Monuments in Ayodha.

Ayodhya is not only one of the most important Hindu Pilgrim place but also holds equal importance to the Jains. Jain temples mark the place where these tirthankaras were born. Kesari Singh the treasurer of the Nawab of Faizabad built these temples to commemorate the birthplace of these Jain tirthankaras. Sumantanath lies near Ramkot citadel.

These ancient Jain temples are some of the most frequented tourist destinations and bears the hallmark of Jainism. Inscription on these temples tells of the advent of Jainism and the many thirthankaras and their sayings.

Ram Katha Museum,
Ayodhya Steeped in the memories of Lord Ram, the famous epic hero revered as a God in the country stands Ayodhya on the banks of the River Saryu. Visited by devotees as well as common tourists, this city in Uttar Pradesh is home to many holy places. Even though these constitute the foremost of all Tourist Attractions in Ayodhya, there are some other places in Ayodhya that are also well worth a visit, as for instance the Ram Katha Museum.

The Ram Katha Museum or the Ram Katha Sangrahalaya, the other name by which it is popularly known was established in the year 1988.

The Ram Katha Museum, India houses a very interesting collection of arts and artifacts. Common tourists are definitely drawn to it but it holds a special appeal for the lovers of history in particular. The coins, rare palm leaf manuscripts and pottery that are exhibited here throw a great deal of light on the past.

Other than pottery, a variety of other terracotta objects are there on display at this museum. Textiles as well as Metal objects form an integral part of the repository. What will surely impress any visitor on a trip to this museum are the exquisite sculptures. The beautiful photographs and the marvelous paintings housed in this museum will also not fail to attract anyone's attention.

Ardent followers of Lord Rama too cannot afford to miss out on a visit because several of the antiquities kept here are related to the life of Lord Rama. The museum authority is not only engaged in the preservation and conservation of these old artifacts associated with him but also in continuously increasing the collection.

Located at the Raj Sadan in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, the Ram Katha Museum remains open on all days from 10.30 in the morning to 4.30 in the evening except on Mondays. Ensure that this multi purpose museum is a part of your sight seeing trip in Ayodhya, else you will miss out on witnessing the collections of a fairly rich depository.Ayodhya

Nageshwar Temple,
Of the numerous temples in Ayodhya, which are integrally related to the rich culture of the Indians, Nageshwar Temple, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh is an important one. Established by Raja Hush, the younger son of Lord Rama and an important character of the epic Ramayana Nageshwar Temple throw enough light on the culture of Kreta Yug. During the occasion of Shivaratri, which is celebrated with excessive pomp and gaiety, the place has a very joyful ambience.

According to the legend, once Kusha, the younger son of Lord Rama lost his amulet while bathing in the Saryu River and tried to find the same but all his efforts were in vain. He thought that a bad omen had befallen him and this was why he could not find out the amulet. He became extremely depressed. But the amulet was actually picked up by a Nag Kanya who was in love with him. When she returned the amulet to King Kusha, she won his appreciation and admiration.

Since the Nag Kanya was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva, Kusha erected the Nageshwara Temple at Ayodhya for her. Another significant fact about the Nageshwara Temple is that it has survived in the test of time till the reign of Chandragupta II who assumed the title Vikramaditya. No other temple has been able to survive from that time, especially after the advent of the Muslims in India. While the rest of the city was covered with dense forest, this temple has been able to retain its original charm from time immemorial.

If you come to Ayodhya you shall see a number of mattha scattered here and there. You can also see the Akhadaras that dots the city of Ayodhya. Amidst these beautiful religious laces, is located the invigorating shrine of Nageshwara that constantly reminds us of the epic king Kusha and his admirer Nag Kanya. If you come to Ayodhya, then make sure to visit this beautiful temple. This would surely leave an indelible mark in your minds forever.