Viaje a India

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Ahmednagar History and Other Details

As the regent of Mizam Shah.

In 1629 Murtaza Nizam Shah II came of age. He was wanting in ability and unfit to meet the fiffculites that surrounded him. He could not bear the supremacy of the regent, So he managed to put Fatteh Khan behind the bars. In thisHistory and Other Details confusion, Shahji Bhosale joined the Moghals . Shah Jahan, the Moghal Emperor marched to the Deccan at this time, Murtaza Nizam Shah seeing the danger of attack set Fatteh Khan free and appointed him his minister. Foreseeing the ruin of rthe Nizam Shaha, the Bijapur king declared war on the Moghals. Fatteh Khan who did not forget insults done to him by the Nizam Shah turned all his powers to Murtaza’s destruction. Aided by Murtaza’s weakness and unpopularity Fatteh Khan was strong enough to put Murtaza to death and to take the government into his won hands in 1631. After assuming full powers he submitted to Shah Jahab and set an infant on the thrown and professed that he held his dignity from the Emperor.

After Mohabat Khan’s exit Nizam Shahi which seemed to have come to an end was reviced by Sahaji Bhosale, who disgusted at the treatment by the Moghals ahd in the mean time joined the Bijapur King and fought against Moghals Shahaji proclaimed another prince as the lawful heir of Nizam Shah and assuming the regency captured the former Nizam Shahi domain. Shah Jahan marched to the Deccan and attacked the Nizam Shah’s area and the Bijapur kings. After along struggle the Adil Shah decided to conclude treaty with Shah Jahan and secured peace by agreeing to pay ranson every year, and in return secured the South and South-east portions of the Nizam Shahi dominions. Shahaji held for some time but submitted at length, gave up his pretended king and with Shah Jahan’s consent entered the Bijupur service. Thus ended the Nizam Shahi in 1636.

Moghals or the rule of Delhi (1636 to 1759) Shivaji. The Maratha king who rose on powers attacked Ahmednagar and its neighborhood. For the Moghals, Shivaji was a regular terror. Though he did not really possess a strong and large army shivaji’s army resorted to guerrilla warfare and harassed the Moghal army.

History and Other DetailsShah Jahan appointed Aurangzeb as the viceroy in 1636 and again in 1650. Shivaji personally invaded Ahmednagar in 1657 and in 1665. At other times Shivaji’s minister and generals attacked Ahmednagar intermittently.

Aurangzeb tried to put an end to the independent kingdom of the Marathas but he never succeeded in this and at last died in Ahmednagar on 21 st of February 1707. His attempts to put down the Maratha failed tragically Shortly after this the fall of the Moghal power in Deccan was completed by the revolt of Chin Killich “Khan (Nizam-ul-Mulk) , the governor of Malva. Ahmednagar was one of the parts of the Deccan which became subject to the Nizam and remained in his hands till his death in 1748.

The Rule of the Marathas (1759 to 1817)

After the death of Nizam-ul-Mulk there issued a quarrel between his two sons Salabat Jung Ghazi-ud-din. In this political mess the Nizam’s commandant Kavi Jung betrayed the fort of Ahmednagar to the Peshwa, the minister of the Maratha power War followed between the Nizam & the Peshwas & the Nizam was defeated in 1760 at Udgir. Besides other concessions the Nizam confirmed the grant of Ahmednagar and Dualatbad and also gave up the greater part of the province of Ahmednagar, the Nizam was again defeated by the Maratha in 1795 at Kharda. After the death of Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa in 1795, quarrels arose among the Maratha Noblemen. In 1797 Daulatrao Sindia took the fort of Ahmednagar from Bajirao Peshwa, as a price of his help to him to raise him to the post of Peshwa. The famous statesman Nana Fadnavis was imprisoned in Ahmednagar fort in 1797 by Sindia. At last he was released in 1798 but sorely discouraged, Nana Fadnavis died in 1800.

Bajirao Peshwa was continuously harassed by Yeshwantrao Holkar and Daulatrao Sindia,. So he concluded a treaty with the British for the safety of his Ministership, on 31 st December 1802 at Bassein. Now the noblemen had to fight with the British might. General Wellesley attacked Ahmednagar city and captured it. Then he laid a siege to Ahmednagar fort on 9th of August 1803 and captured it of 12 th of August 1803. General Wellesley then returned the fort of theHistory and Other Details Peshwa soon i.e in 1803 . The Holkar also came to terms with the British. There was widespread disorder in the area due to famine and hundreds were looted, murdered and massacred by the Pendharis . There was a rebellion against the British rule by common people headed b6y Trimbakji Dengale of Sangamner. The British troops soon brought the circumstances under control with the help of their disciplined soldiers. At last a treaty was concluded with Bajirao Peshwa at Poona by Virtue of which the Ahmednagar Fort was handed over to the English.

British Rule (1817 to 1947)

When the British Government took possession of Ahmednagar much of it was almost ruined. Many former rich areas were depopulated because of famine and continuous fighting between the British soldiers and the freedom fighters. They continued to rise in arms taking resort to villages and the hills and mountains-mostly Parner, Jamgao and Akola areas. The Kolies and the Bhils harassed the British troops intermittently. Raghoji Bhangria headed this mutiny. AT last he was caught at Pandharpur in 1847 and was immediately hanged.

During the great freedom Struggle of 1857 (Which the British call Sepoys’ Mutiny) Ahmednagar was a scene of considerable disturbance. The active freedom fighters were about 7000 Bhils under the leadership of? Bhagoji Naik. They were active in the hilly t5racks and especially in the Parner, Jamgao, Rahuri, Kopargaon and Nasik areas. But at last all these attempts to rise against the British failed and the slavery came to stay. By about 1880 it was almost quiet everywhere.

Lokmanya Tilak organized political movement in the whole of India and was put behind bars by the British Government. But he passes away in 1920 Mahatma Gandhi took up the leadership in 1920 and carried on the responsibility of organizing Civil Disobedience Movements. Thousands offered Satyagraha and courted arrest. The Satyagraha Movements were launched many times between 1920 to 1941.

The last unarmed Movement was spontaneously started by all the Indians throughout the length and breadth of the country from 9th of August 1942 upto 1944. All the leaders of India including Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Azad, Subhash Chandara Bose, DR. Syed Mahmood, Shankarrao Deo, were arrested Most of the leaders excepting Gandhi were kept in the Ahmednagar Fort. Jawaharlal Nehru, wrote his famous book. “The Discovery of India” in Ahmednagar Fort.

The famous leaders of Ahmednagar Raosaheb Patwardhan was underground for many days. Achyutrao Patwardhan was never arrested by the British since he was carrying on the Freedom Struggle by remaining underground. The veteran leader of Ahmednagar District Senapti Pandurang Mahadeo Bapat was the most fearless and was one of the greatest disciplines of Mahatma Gandhi. He carried on the Mulshi Satyagraha bravely and was arrested in 1937. He was kept behind the bars till India achieved her independence. Senapti Bapat never cared for anything and was ever prepared to lay down his life in the Freedom Struggle.

India attained her freedom on 15 th of August 1947 and all the brave leaders were released from the imprisonment. The flag salutation ceremony took place on the ramparts of the Ahmednagar Fort at 8 a.m on 15 th August 1947 at the auspicious hands of Acharys Narendra Dev who was interned in the Fort of a long time during the struggle for freedom. It was touching sight worthy to be watched by Gods.

Some Freatures of old Ahmednagar

The old Ahmednagar was quite different from its present appearance. It covered an area of six miles from the present railway station to the present town of Bhingar with its surroundings on the south and north. The Bhingar area was further extended by the Cantonment area. This still is in existence.

Ahmed Nizam Shah founded Ahmednagar in 1494 and therefore this city is named after his name. It was found on the left bank of the Sina river, in two years the city is said have revalled Bagdad and Cairo in splendour. This very Ahmed Nizam Shaha built the present fort with mud in 1490 and Hussain Nizam Shah rebuilt the fort with the present stone masonary and dug the present ditch around the fort in 1562.

The whole city which was moderate in size was surrounded by walls built of stone and mud masonary below and white mud masonary above. They were 12 to 13 feet high, six feet broad and about three miles round, The walls were built about 1631 by Sarjekhan one of Shah Jahan’s nobles. There ware eleven gates set in this huge circular wall. They were the Jhenda and the Bava gates on the east, the Maliwada or Railway and Fergusson gates in the south, the Nepti and Nalegaon gate in the west and the Delhi, Tophkhana, Sarjepura, Mangal and king gates in the north.

It seems that the British captured this old historic city on 8 th August 1803. But not without dear strife. The people of Ahmednagar were hard fighting and brave to the core. It is there ill luck that they did not find any able leader to give on organized ane effective resistance at that very crucial and momentous juncture. All the same the might of Ahmednagar was humbled down from 8 th of August 1803 to 8 th August 1942. When the rebellion against the Britishers stoved by once against on the nationwide basis under the unique leadership of Gandhiji in Ahmednagar under the leadership of Raosaheb and Achutrao Patwardhan and many other local patriots.

Roadways – Shirdi is well connected by roads with all major cities. It is situated on Manmad - Ahmednagar Highway.

Railways - To reach Shirdi the nearest Railway Junction is Manmad (58 Kilometers) and the nearest station is Kopergaon (18 Kilometers). All the trains do not stop at Kopergaon station.

Airways – The nearest airports are Aurangabad (140 Kilometers), Pune (207 Kilometers) and Mumbai (266 Kilometers)

Monuments

Ahmednagar Fort is one of the best designed forts in the entire state of Maharashtra. At the same time, it is also counted amongst the impregnable forts of India. The fort is situated in the Ahmednagar district and dates back to the year 1559, when it was built under the patronage of Husain Nizam Shah. Ahmednagar Fort stands surrounded by cantonment on all the sides and lies in the eastern part of the Ahmednagar city. Today, the fort forms one of the popular attractions of the region.

It is oval in shape and has a circumference of around 1.70 km. Forming a part of the defense system of the fort are its 24 citadels and a moat that is 30 meters wide and 4 to 6 meters deep. The huge and strong cut stone wall of Ahmednagar Fort reaches to a height of 25 meters, from the bottom of the ditch. There are two entrances to the fort, which can be reached only after one goes over the moat, through the suspension drawn bridges. Its major attractions comprises of a number of structures, some of which are in a very good condition.

Ahmednagar Fort is presently under the control of the military command of India. It has been the victim of invasion by the Mughal army in the year 1596. However, the fight put up by the Chandbibi forced them to beat a retreat after four months. The second attack by the Mughal army, led by Akbar in 1600, resulted in the annexation of the fort. It was only in the year 1759 that the Mughals lost the control of the Ahmednagar Fort, when they sold it to Sadashiv Bhau, the cousin of the third Peshwa.

Daulatrao Shinde gained control over the fort in 1797 and ultimately lost it to General Welleslay in August, 1803. Ultimately, the Treaty of Pune was signed in June 1817 and the rule of fort was handed to Bajirav Peshwa II. The history of Ahmednagar Fort tells us that it has been used as a royal prison a number of times. Amongst the glorious moments of the fort was the time when the entire Congress Working Committee was detained here during the Quit India Movement of 1942. All said and done, this historical fort is definitely a must-see place, to be included in the itinerary of anyone visiting Nashik.

Hotels in Ahmednagar

Sun-N-Sand