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Jhansi Tourism and Travel Guide

History of Jhansi

Maharaja Chattrasal Bundela of Panna was a good administrator and a brave warrior. In 1729 Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Peshwa Baji Rao(I ) helped Maharaja Chattrasal and defeated mughal army. As a markJhansi of gratitude Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state to Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao(I). Jhansi was also included in this part.

In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the Jhansi fort which was of strategic importance but also constructed some other buildings. The extended part of the fort is called Shankergarh. In 1757 Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. After him Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi.

In 1766 Vishwas Rao Laxman was made the subedar of Jhansi. His period was from 1766 to 1769. After him Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator. He increased the revenue of the state. The MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple were built by him.

Jhansi was a stronghold of the Chandela kings. Balwant Nagar was the name of this place. But in 11th. century Jhansi lost its importance. In 17th. century under Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha Jhansi again rose to prominence. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1613 Raja Bir Singh Deo constructed the Jhansi fort. He died in 1627. After his death his son Juhar Singh succeeded him.

After the death of Shiv Rao his grand son Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi. He was not a good administrator. Ramchandra Rao died in 1835. After his death Raghunath Rao (III) was made his successor. In 1838 Raghunath Rao (III) also died. The British rulers then accepted Gangadhar Rao as the Raja of Jhansi. Due to the inefficient administration during the period of Raghunath Rao (III) the financial position of Jhansi was very critical.

Jhansi Raja Gangadhar Rao was a very good administrator. He was very generous and full of sympathy. He gave very good administration to Jhansi. During his period the local population of Jhansi was very satisfied.

In 1842 Raja Gangadhar Rao married Mannikarnika. After this marriage Mannikarnika was given the new name Lakshmi Bai, who led forces against British in 1857. She sacrificed her life to the cause of Indian Independence in 1858.

In 1861 the British Government gave the Jhansi fort and Jhansi city to JiyajiRao Scindia. Jhansi was then became a part of Gwalior state. In 1886 Britishers took back Jhansi from Gwalior state.

Climate of Jhansi

Jhansi is found on the plateau of Central India which comprises mainly of rocky area and is at an average of 284 meters. There is a natural slope on the north of Jhansi and an elevation on its south. Jhansi has soil and a climate that is right for citrus species fruits, and crops like wheat, pulses, oilseeds and peas.

However Jhansi is famous for its extreme climate where temperatures reach as low as 1 degree Celsius in winter, it also reaches a maximum of 48 degrees Celsius in summer.

Jhansi has lots of monsoon rains that are used for irrigation purposes with the help of the ambitious canal project where the government ahs built a network of canals for irrigation purposes in Jhansi and Lalitpur. As Jhansi is on a rocky plateau, the temperatures here are extreme.

Winter in Jhansi starts in October while monsoon ends, and peaks in mid-December. The average temperature inJhansi Jhansi lies between 6 degrees at night and 24 degrees in the day, on the Celsius scale. Spring season ends in February, marking the end of winter. Summer starts in April where the temperature lies between 34 and 46 degrees Celsius in the day. However the nights in summer are cool after midnight.

The third week of June brings the rainy season where you find monsoon rains washing the centre of India. These rains start weakening in the month of September, while the rainy season actually ends in the last week of September. The average temperature in the rainy season lies around 36 degrees Celsius while the average rainfall is about 35 inches a year.

The languages spoken in Jhansi include Hindi, English and Bundeli. Bundeli is basically a Western Hindi language or perhaps, a dialect of Hindi. It is spoken in the Bundelkhand area of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

How to Reach Jhansi

By Air: The nearest airport from Jhansi is Gwalior that is at the distance of 100 kilometers from the city. It is well connected to cities like Delhi, Varanasi, Mumbai and Bangalore etc. Nearly all the major Public as well as private carriers offers their service to and from the city of Agra

By Rail: Jhansi is well connected to the major cities of India. Jhansi Cantonment Railway Station is the main Railway Jhansistation in the city. Regular expresses as well as super-fast trains are available to destinations like Delhi, Varanasi, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai and Kolkata. Book the tickets in advance to avoid rush.

By Road: Jhansi is well connected to the cities like Mathura, Delhi, Chandigarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Agra, Chitrakoot, etc. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation plies several buses to these cities. Various privately run luxury buses are also available. Jhansi falls on National Highway No. 25 and 26 that in turn are linked by a good network of roads.

Fairs & Festivals of Jhansi

Jhansi Festival
The week long festival is a delight for the people having interest in poetry culture and tradition it brings back the memories of the legends who had excelled in the field of Poetry. This week-long annual event is a display of the arts, crafts and culture of a splendid city - Jhansi.

The cultural programmes include folk songs, dances, Mushairas and Ghazals. The event is a display if the arts, crafts and culture of a splendid city – Jhansi. The cultural programs include folk songs, dances, mushairas and ghazals .

Hotels in Jhansi

Hotel Sita, Jhansi