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Kanpur Tourism and Travel Guide

History of Kanpur

Kanpur stands as one of North India's major industrial centers with its own historical, religious and commercial importance. Believed to be founded by king Hindu Singh of the erstwhile state of Sachendi, Kanpur was originallyKanpur known as 'Kanhpur'.

Upto the 1st half of the 18th century Kanpur continued to survive as an insignificant village. Its fate, however, took a new turn soon after. In May 1765, Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab Wazir of Awadh, was defeated by the British near Jajmau. It was probably at this time that strategic importance of the site of Kanpur was realized by the British. European businessmen had by this time gradually started establishing themselves in Kanpur. Inorder to ensure protection to their lives and property the `Awadh local forces’ were shifted here in 1778. Kanpur passed into British hands under the treaty of 1801 with Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Awadh. This forms a turning point in the history of Kanpur. Soon Kanpur became one of the most important military station of British India. It was declared a district on 24th March 1803.

Kanpur was soon to become the epicentre of the outbreak of 1857, as some of the leading luminaries of the War of Independence hailed from her, namely – Nana Sahib, Tantiya Tope, Azimoolah Khan and Brigadier Jwala Prasad. The three strategic events of the 1857 war at Kanpur were the fight at `wheeler’s entrenchment’, the `massacre at Sati Chaura Ghat’ and the `Bibighar massacre’. Nana Sahib had declared independence on the 7th of June 1857 at Kanpur.

The British under Commander Hugh Wheeler retreated into a shallow earth entrenchment in the cantonment area, later known in history as `wheeler’s entrenchment’. The English garrison surrendered in the last week of June 1857 on terms of safe passage to Allahabad. But when on the morning of 27th June, the soldiers along with the women and children were about to embark into the boats at Sati Chaura Ghat, fighting broke out and most of the men were killed. The survivors, women and children were rescued who were imprisoned into the Savada Kothi and later shifted to KanpurBibighar in the `cantonment magistrates’ compound.

But when it became clear the relieving forces under General Havelock were nearing the city and defeat was inevitable, the captives-all women and children, were massacred and their dismembered bodies buried in the well of the compound on 15th July 1857. The Bibighar was dismantled by the British and reoccupation of Kanpur and a `memorial railing and a cross’ raised at the site of the well. The well is now bricked over. Only remains of a circular ridge survive, which can be still seen at the Nana Rao Park. The Kanpur Memorial Church – `The all soul cathedral’ was raised in honor of the fallen at the north-east corner of Wheeler’s entrenchment in 1862 by the British. The marble gothic screen with famous `mournful seraph’ was transferred to the churchyard of All Souls church after independence in 1947, and in its place a bust of Tantiya Tope installed as Nana Rao Park.

After 1857, the development of Kanpur was even more phenomenal. Government Harness and Saddler Factory was started for supplying leather material for army in 1860, followed by Cooper Allen & Co. in 1880. The first cotton textile mill, the Elgin Mills were started in 1862 and Moiré Mills in 1882.

Today besides being the most industrialized region of the state, Kanpur is also an important educational centre, with institutions like Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Agricultural College, Indian Institute of Technology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, National Sugar Institute and Government Textile Institute being located here.

Apart from playing a stellar role in the development of the country as a whole, Kanpur has also been instrumental in making an unforgettable contribution to the Indian freedom struggle. A favorite centre of activities of stalwarts like Nanarao Peshwa, Tantiya Tope, Sardar Bhagat Singh and Chandra Shekhar Azad among others, Kanpur is also the birth place of Shyamlal Gupta `Parshad’, composer of the famous patriotic ditty `Vijayee Vishwa Tiranga Pyara’.Kanpur

The propagation and popularization of Hindi also owes much to this city, with great Hindu literatures like Acharya Mahavir Parasad Dwivedi, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Pratap Narain Mishra, Acharya Gaya Prasad Shukla `Sanehi’ and Balkrishna Sharma `Navin’ having hailed from here.

Climate of Kanpur

Situated in Uttar Pradesh, in northern part of India, Kanpur is located on the banks of the holy river, Ganges. During summers, weather can be as hot as 45° C and humid too as Kanpur lies near the Tropic of cancer. Nights are relatively cooler and temperature dips to the range of 30°C.

Torrential rains and high humidity accompanies the monsoons that usually come in late June or early July for about two months. On the other hand, winters are pleasant and temperature dips down to about 5°C. In Kanpur, the climatic conditions are most favorable for the tourists between Octobers to April. For those who are ready to face a sun and don't mind the odor of sweat, Kanpur is a place to visit all the year round.

How to Reach Kanpur:

By Air: Chakeri Airport, Kanpur, has become operational since January 1996 and is serviced by , Archana Airways and other private airlines. Apart from this the nearest airport is Amausi, Lucknow, 65 km.

By Rail: Connections to all the major stations of the country by express, super-fast and passenger trains.

By Road: Kanpur is connected by road with all the major cities of the country. It is situated on National Highway No. 2 on the Delhi-Agra-Allahabad-Calcutta route and on National Highway No. 25 on the Lucknow-Jhansi-Shivpuri route

Shopping in Kanpur

Kanpur symbolizes leather. In fact Kanpur is synonymous to leather. The city has for long been associated with the production, supply and marketing of leather in India and world. The city boasts of hundreds of private and public owned leather units that produce and export quality leather products. These units produce quite a range of leather such as Italian Leather, Spanish Leather, French Leather and Suede leather among others.

The city offers a range of leather products for the tourists to buy that includes Suitcase, Bags, Airbags, Purses, Wallets, Jackets, Belts, Gloves, Football, Volleyballs, Basketballs, Shoes, Saddles and decorative among others. Do pick a few of them for your near and dear ones. Go for fine quality Italian leather shoes, Jackets and wallets. These items come at quite a steal in Kanpur. The moment it crosses Indian Ocean, astronomical zeros starts adding in the price tag.

The major shopping centers in the city are; The Mall, Birhana Road, Gumti No. 5, Parade, Naveen Market, Matson road and P.P.N. Market. The city center also offers the shopper a delightful array of State Emporia, viz. UPICA, UP Handloom Emporium, The Mall, Phulkari- Punjab Emporium and Manjusha- Bengal Emporium.

Hotels in Kanpur

Luxury Hotels in Kanpur
Hotel Gaurav, Kanpur
Hotel Meghdoot, Kanpur
Hotel Landmark, Kanpur

Economy Hotels in Kanpur
Hotel Clover Lodge
Hotel Celebration, Kanpur
Hotel Kanha Continental, Kanpur

 

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