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Varanasi Monuments, Fair and Festivals

Fairs & Festivals of Varanasi

Bharat Milap

Celebrating Lord Ram's return to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and His reunion with His brother Bharat, the festival is held one day following Dussehra. Attended by the Kashi Naresh resplendent in regal finery, the festival attracts atMonuments, Fair and Festivals least a million devotees.

Buddh Purnima:
Celebrating the birth of Lord Buddha, this festival is celebrated with gaiety and rare abandon. A large fair is held at Sarnath and the relics of the Buddha are taken out for a public display on a procession, on this day.

The Unique Ramlila of Ramnager
This world renowned Ram Lila has been based on Goswami Tulsidas's 'Ramcharitmanas' and one can see a live demonstration of ancient rituals. A month long feast for the tourists. Ramlila is performed in the form of Ram Janmotsav, Dhanush Bhang, Surpnakha Nasika Chedan etc. at various places.

Dhrupad Mela
A 5-day musical festival of Dhrupad is performed by renowned artistes at Tulsi Ghat. It is very popular among foreign tourists.

Hanumat Jayanti Janmotsav
Hanuman Jayanti Janmotsav of Lord Hanuman is celebrated at Sankat Mochan Temple for 5 days with cultural and musical programmes by artistes from all over India. It is based on Saraswati, Ram and Krishna Lila and Hanuman Charitra.

Nakkatyya – Chetganj
Showing a story from Ramayan in which Surpnakha - the sister of Ravan comes to entice Ram and then Lakshman. But Lakshman cuts her nose and she goes back crying. This act is enacted on this day in a beautiful way, a stage-play that attracts people in thousands. Also on this occasion many beautifully decorated "Lag" are taken out throughout the night.

Nag Nathaiya
In a performance, Lord Krishna jumps into Ganga for Nag Nathan at the local Tulsi Ghat. It is famous as Nag Nathaiya.Monuments, Fair and Festivals The whole city comes together to see this event.

Mahashivratri
On this day every Shiv Mandir in decorated. In Varanasi a marriage procession of Lord Shiv is taken out starting from Mahamritunjaya temple, Daranagar to Kashi Vishwanath temple via chowk. Round 50,000 - 60,000 people gather to see this event.

Panch Koshi Parikrama
It has a special importance in the ancient Parikramas of India, starting and finishing at Manikarnika Ghat. Each parikrama passes through 5 places : Kardmeshwar, Bhimchani, Rameshwar, Shivpur and Kapildhara.

Monuments of Varanasi

Ram Nagar Fort,
Ram Nagar Fort, Varanasi is the erstwhile as well as the current abode of the Maharaja of Kashi, often called by the name of Raja of Benaras too. It is positioned on the opposite bank of the holy river Ganges along which Varanasi thrives. Varanasi Ram Nagar Fort is ranked highly amongst the Monuments in Varanasi.

History of Ram Nagar Fort,
Ram Nagar Fort, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India was constructed by Maharaja Balwant Singh in the eighteenth century. This fort is magnificently built in red sandstone.

The most important structure inside Varanasi Ram Nagar Fort is the famous Hall of public audience, popularly called as the 'Durbar Hall'. The architecture of this fort is a subtle combination of Islamic and Indian styles. The utilization of marbles for the decorative pattern gives this fort a splendid outlook.

Ram Nagar Fort, Varanasi is very well maintained. The reason could be that the Kashi royal scion still resides in thisMonuments, Fair and Festivals palace. However, the residential part of the royal scion is not open for the casual tourists. What is open for the tourists are the famous Ram Nagar Fort Museum and the temple. The temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa, who is considered the author of the great Indian epic, Mahabharata. According to legends, Ved Vyasa stayed at this place for a brief period.

Ram Nagar Fort Museum is a good place to see some of the best and most impressive articles that once belonged to the royals. The royal collection on display at this museum includes vintage cars, palanquins, armory of old guns and swords, furniture, costumes, antique clocks and ivory work.

Inside the huge walls of the Ram Nagar Fort, you will find a big clock. Apart from displaying year, month, week as well as day, this clock also shows astronomical facts about the moon, the sun and the constellation of stars.

Varanasi Ram Nagar Fort is popular all over India for its grand and extravagant festivity of annual Dussehra. The festival of Dussehra is marked by Ramlila that is celebrated in a way that’s quite very different from the celebrations of Delhi and Moradabad. During this festival, the whole city transforms into a stage where the epic Ramayana’s different acts are staged. This festival also boasts of a 'Jhanki Yatra' that includes a variety of antique displays of the erstwhile royals like vintage cars, ivory items and royal palanquins.

So, book yourself for a tour to Ram Nagar Fort, Varanasi as soon as possible to get enthralled by the beauty of this magnificent structure and the antique items of royalty on display.

Dasaswamedh Ghat,
Dasaswamedh Ghat, Uttar Pradesh shares some common features with all other Ghats in Varanasi. It is one of those richly meditative places in Varanasi where one can see the swiftly flowing Ganges contributing to the flourishing of humanity. In the second line of Panch Tirtha Yatra, falls the Dasaswamedh Ghat, Uttar Pradesh India. The popularity of the Ghat is such that even during monsoon months pilgrims throng the temple premise. During this time, boat Monuments, Fair and Festivalsbecomes the greatest companion for the travelers. They seem to carry forward the entire humanity for a pilgrim voyage.

Dasaswamedh Ghat, Uttar Pradesh, India gains its name from the Mythological incident in which Lord Brahma sanctified (medh) 10 horses at Varanasi. Therefore, this Ghat is one of the most popular pilgrim spots. For the year round, this ghat remains a busy spot where thousands of pilgrims gather to offer their prayers. It is also the seat of the much revered Goddess Shitala. It is said that Mother Goddess Shitala is not only the epitome of benign aspects of life, but she also represents the malevolent aspects of life such as disease and decay. She is venerated so that men may obtain relief from the evils of life.

The rows of Pandyas sitting on the wooden planks and offering homage to the Lord is indeed a spectacular scene that one gets to see at Dasaswamedh Ghat, Uttar Pradesh, India. They sit underneath bamboo umbrellas and offers prayers to the dead souls. A few steps away, into the river, stand the boatmen with their boats; they are always keen on persuading the customers for a ride.

Witnessing the evening Aarti session in Varanasi is a life-time achievement. Thousands of lamps are lit before the river Ganges. With the loud chanting of mantras and the ringing of bells, the Sadhus show Dhup to the Gods and Goddesses.

Assi Ghat,
Referred to in the Matsya Purana, one of the important religious texts of the Hindus the Assi Ghat, Varanasi is one the most promising places of Hindu worship. Assi in Hindi means eighty. Not only does the Matsya Purana mention the existence of this Ghat from the origin of life, but one can also find references to it in the Kurma Purana, Padma Purana and Agni Purana.

The southernmost Ghat in Varanasi is called the Assi Ghat. It is located at the confluence of the Ganga and the Asi River. During the Panch Tirtha Yatra a pilgrim is required to dip once into the sacred Assi River to complete the entire circle of his pilgrimage. The Assi Ghat India ranks first in the Manikarnika Pilgrimage.

History of Assi Ghat,
Assi Ghat, that constitutes one of the principal sites of Tourist Attractions in Varanasi, has a Mythological connection. It is said that Goddess Durga threw her sword here after slaying the demon Mahishasura. Assi Ghat, Uttar Pradesh is also called Saimbeda Tirtha. A holy dip into this River during the sacred month of Chaitra is said to be highly auspicious.

The oldest Lolarka Kund, which is integrally associated with the origin of Hinduism, one among the only two sun sites in India, is located here. It is also among the oldest sites in Varanasi and becomes alive during the Lolarka Fair. Couples for want of a son come here because it is said to be auspicious for them. The presiding deity blesses them with a son and they return happily.

This beautiful Lolarka Ghat is divided into 12 divisions during the Buddha Purnima when visitors visit here with their offerings and prayers. The Lolarka Kund is also called the Tank of the Trembling Sun. this tank is 15 meters deep and can only be approached by a flight of staircases. The Assi Ghat, Uttar Pradesh, which lies beside it, has a mighty Shiva Lingam placed right inside. It is placed beneath the Pipal Tree and is worshipped by followers who come here.

The auspicious month of Chaitra is regarded as the apt time for visiting this place. During this time thousands of pilgrims takes a dip into the holy Ganges. Chaitra (March/ April) and Magh (Jan/Feb) and other important occasions like solar/ lunar eclipse, Ganga Dussehra, Probodhoni Ekadashi, and Makar Shankranti etc are time for pilgrim visit over here.

Hanuman Ghat,
Like many of the other Ghats in Varanasi, Hanuman Ghat also has a mythological association. The Hanuman Ghat is connected to the Indian epic The Ramayana. The Hanuman Ghat, Varanasi Uttar Pradesh is located at Juna Akhara.

The Hanuman Ghat was previously called Rameshwaram Ghat because it is popularly believed that Lord Sri Ram created this Ghat with his own hands. There is another well known belief that the Vaishnavaite pilgrim called Vallabhacharya meditated over here for many years. He used to preach the glories of Lord Krishna to his followers by sitting at the Hanuman Ghat.

This clean Ghat demands respect from Indians and foreign tourists alike. There is a marked difference between the Hanuman Ghat and the other Ghats of Varanasi, by being cleaner and more concrete. There are two temples located beside the Hanuman Ghat. Believed to be erected by the great preacher Tulsidas, it is a great attraction for the tourists. You shall be amazed to see the outstanding image of the Ruru Bhairava over here. It is one among the eight popular Bhairavas.